Vision problems can lead to difficulties in reading and learning, even with 20/20 vision
We provide a non-invasive, therapeutic approach to treating these conditions
From light sensitivity to poor memory, vision problems are very common after brain injuryLearn more...
Dizziness and imbalance may be signs of a visual problemLearn more...
Vision is much more than 20/20 eye sight. Good functional vision involves clarity of vision along with the following:
Signs of a vision-related learning problem: Any deficiency in the items listed above can cause difficulties with learning, including reading and sustaining attention. For example, intermittent double vision can cause print to look smeary, or like it’s moving on the page. This is very distracting and uncomfortable!
Symptoms of a vision-related learning problem: There are many potential symptoms, depending on the area of challenge in eye-brain processing. These symptoms include:
Treatment of a vision-related learning problem:
Strabismus occurs when the eyes are not pointing in the same direction. Any of these alignment problems will cause a deficit in depth perception. Oftentimes, strabismus is interpreted as an eye muscle problem. However, it really is an eye-brain problem which affects the eye muscles.
Signs of strabismus:
• Exotropia – an eye points outward too far, out of alignment with the other eye
• Esotropia – an eye points inward too far
• Hypertropia – an eye points up or downward more than the other eye
Symptoms of strabismus: There are many potential symptoms, depending on the type and frequency of strabismus. These symptoms may include:
Treatment for strabismus: Since there is no age limit to learning, we believe that strabismus therapy can be effective for patients of any age.
Amblyopia, often called "lazy eye", is poorer vision in one eye compared to the other.
Signs of amblyopia: Amblyopia may be present with the following conditions:
Symptoms of amblyopia: There are many potential symptoms, depending on the underlying condition(s) and intensity of suppression. These symptoms may include:
Treatment for amblyopia: Amblyopia does not mean a child has one “good” eye and one “bad” eye. Rather, both eyes typically have reduced visual function. Depth perception, focusing and eye movements are typically lacking in both eyes, not just the amblyopic eye. Amblyopia therapy aims at improving the vision while both eyes are open.
Prevention of amblyopia: Amblyopia is often not diagnosed until a child is in elementary school. Our doctor strongly suggests that children follow the American Optometric Association’s recommendations for eye exam frequency:
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is damage to any area of the brain due to external force. The damage may be microscopic, as in the case of concussions, or it could be structure-altering in more severe TBI or stroke.
Signs and symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury:
Treatment for traumatic brain injury:
The advocated treatment is multidisciplinary approach: optometrists, physicians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, speech pathologists, chiropractors, craniosacral therapists, and other specialists depending on associated symptoms.
• During the initial assessment at our office, our doctor will evaluate visual acuity, eye-teaming, eye movements, balance and posture.
• Special glasses with prism lenses may be utilized to help a patient recover their center of balance or improve their eye-teaming. Binasal occlusion (frosting the inside-corners of the lenses) can significantly reduce “sensory information overload,” calming the visual system.
• Vision therapy involves working both sides of the body so that both hemispheres of the brain communicate together. Patients will learn techniques to improve their peripheral awareness and eye tracking, as well as near-far focusing and eye-teaming. The length of therapy varies depending on severity of injury. Dr. Carter will evaluate her patients after every 10-12 sessions to ensure that their visual function is improving.
Your sense of balance arises from the interaction between the visual system, inner ear function and head position. A disruption in any of these systems can cause a person to experience balance, dizziness and/or vertigo problems. A physical therapist or ENT can often help, but problems with the visual system can cause persistent symptoms. At our office, Dr. Carter diagnoses and treats visual-vestibular conditions.
Signs of a visual-vestibular problem: Dizziness or discomfort with eye movement, poor coordination of eye movement, or a visual-midline shift, meaning a patient’s awareness of “center” is off-center.
Treatment for visual-vestibular problems: